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Join Date: Jan 2007
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Question 930 Compression test Question

I am new to this forum and have an '89 930 I'm working on. I want to do a compression / leak down test on it. Can this be done without dropping the motor? If so, what needs to be removed to get to the plugs? Also, How do I check the turbo unit to make sure the it is working properly and in good shape?

Thanks,

Todd
Old 02-09-2007, 09:50 AM
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I've never performed a compression test/leakdown on my 930 personally, but I have changed the plugs. It can definitely be done with the engine in the car. The intercooler and air filter assembly have to come out.
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Old 02-09-2007, 10:05 AM
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General consensus is that leakdown is the test to conduct. My understanding is that you get to opertating temp (important), shut down, pick a cylinder, pull the plug, rotate crank so that valves are closed on cylinder to be tested, insert tester and pressure up.

Turbo, you can check shaft play (axial and radial) from the exhaust, visually check for FOD and look for oil in the compressor housing.
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Old 02-09-2007, 10:49 AM
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If you suspect any internal engine wear, you should do a compression test first to identify any suspect cylinder which has a large difference in compression to the other cylinders. If there is one, then you do a leakdown test on that cylinder to ascertain whether it's leaking out the rings or valve(s).

My understanding is that if air is leaking back out through the intake, it's intake valve, if it's leaking out the exhaust, it's exhaust valve and if it's leaking back out through oil filler, then it's piston rings.

Maybe some of the more experienced would chime in to verify this
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Old 02-09-2007, 12:55 PM
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Quote:
Originally posted by WydRyd
My understanding is that if air is leaking back out through the intake, it's intake valve, if it's leaking out the exhaust, it's exhaust valve and if it's leaking back out through oil filler, then it's piston rings.

Maybe some of the more experienced would chime in to verify this
This is correct - the breather (or oil fill) will hiss under leakdown test of the rings are not sealing, and the intake and/or exhaust will hiss if a valve is the problem. A couple of things to be aware of - the best way to do a leakdown is on a warm motor - this means running it up to operating temp then testing it after ~15-20min cool down. Basically, it's get the air cleaner, intercooler, and smog hoses (driver's side) out of the way, and get to it.

You need to be sure that the cylinder you're testing is at TDC to get good data, and that the car is in gear and the wheels are well blocked - 100psi will move the piston down, and it will roll the car over your toes. Also, with a Porsche, they have a bad habit of dislodging carbon whenever you pull a plug, which then usually finds its way into the exhaust port. So, if you get a good exhaust hiss, it's wise to either go drive it a few miles and check it again, or if the motor is out of the car, hit the exhaust valve with a rubber mallet while it's pressurized to see if you can dislodge the carbon.

Good Luck
Old 02-09-2007, 02:03 PM
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